Java/JavaScript, PHP, Python Top RedMonk List of Language Rankings

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RedMonk, a tech-industry analyst firm, has issued its latest programming-language rankings, and the list should come with no surprises to seasoned programmers and developers: Java/JavaScript, PHP, Python, C#, C++/Ruby, and CSS all top the list of most-used languages.

Any language “observable within both GitHub and Stack Overflow” can end up in RedMonk’s rankings, according to the firm’s blog posting. “No claims are made here that these rankings are representative of general usage more broadly. They are nothing more or less than an examination of the correlation between two populations we believe to be predictive of future use, hence their value.” RedMonk relies on GitHub and Stack Overflow due to their respective sizes and the public nature of their data; many of the rankings have remained consistent in RedMonk’s biannual reporting.

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“All numerical rankings should be taken with a grain of salt,” the posting also offered, as a caveat. “We rank by numbers here strictly for the sake of interest. In general, the numerical ranking is substantially less relevant than the language’s tier or grouping.”

As Paul Krill noted over at InfoWorld, another interesting aspect of the list is the low rankings for Go, a programming language developed by Google employees, and Swift, a language built by Apple that debuted with much fanfare at the company’s most recent Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC). The folks at RedMonk have no doubt that both those languages will eventually prove far more popular than they are today, although the same can’t be said for Dart, Google’s Web programming language, which hasn’t budged from 39th place in the past year.

Without further ado—but with all the above caveats in place—this is how RedMonk ranked today’s most popular languages:

1. Java / JavaScript
3. PHP
4. Python
5. C#
6. C++ / Ruby
8. CSS
9. C
10. Objective-C
11. Shell
12. Perl
13. R
14. Scala
15. Haskell
16. Matlab
17. Visual Basic
18. CoffeeScript
19. Clojure / Groovy

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Image: RedMonk

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13 Responses to “Java/JavaScript, PHP, Python Top RedMonk List of Language Rankings”

  1. Noivad

    Erm, Java and Javascript are two completely separate languages, and should be listed separately. In fact, “JavaScript” is technically ECMAScript (a name no one uses because it sounds bad, but Netscape and Microsoft fought over the name — after MS “extended and embraced” its version, JScript). It was adopted from a unique feature of Netscape to become a standard client side (and server side) scripting language. It was initially named Mocha/LiveScript, but Netscape and Sun wanted to leverage the name recognition of “Java” of the hot buzz word language of the day that would put an end to having to write multiple versions for different platforms — or so they thought.

    In any case there Java & Javascript are two different beasts, and should be treated as such.

    • totally agree with noivad’s comment. java and javascript are 2 totally different languages. java is primarily used on server side to implement services and data access layers. javascript is on front end used in conjunction with html and css, except that javascript has also being used to implement server (node.js). java is strongly typed, and rather verbose while javascript is loosely typed and geared more towards asynchronous processing.

  2. Given the obscurity of some of those languages, I was surprised that LSL (Linden Scripting Language) wasn’t listed. I don’t use git, but I’m told it’s there.

  3. What are the dimensions for the vertical and horizontal axes of the chart? Why aren’t they explained or even labelled?
    It appears that the vertical axis is for quantity of use (with Java, JavaScript, etc) near the top, as would be expected from the article.
    However, the horizontal axis needs explanation. For example, SQL appears high up (high use), but to the left of the mainline of languages. What does that connote?

  4. wow this is stupid how is Java/Javascript concatenated these are completely different languages the only similarity is in the name, Javascript was named similar to Java because of the popularity associated with it at the time. Javascript is a scripting language while Java gets compiled just different in every way.

  5. I am a Computer Science Student from India.
    It is very useful for us.
    Please clarify –
    Different IT companies are used different IDEs to develope the
    Applications for Java/Android/ iOS.
    Ex: Eclipse, Android Studio, NetBeans, RAD Studio and etc…

    It is same for Web Development.
    Ex: ASP.NET, PHP, HTML 5/famo.us and etc…

    So, How face this critical problems.
    Please guide me.

    Regards,
    Tamil Arasan