Getting a promotion at Amazon isn’t easy. Indeed, some say the process is brutal. And moving up may have more do to with your boss’s ability to present your case than how well you actually perform your job.
According to a new book that describes life inside the online retail giant, promotion at Amazon requires having a boss willing to go to bat for you against his or her peers. Your boss also can’t have been recently promoted. And it doesn’t hurt to brown-nose every manager above you, lest any one of them stop your promotion dead in its tracks.
This system – created by Amazon founder Jeff Bezos – is supposed to reduce internal politics and create something of a meritocracy. But it can have quite the opposite effect, writes longtime tech journalist Brad Stone in his book, The Everything Store: Jeff Bezos and the Age of Amazon.
“Most Amazon employees know the OLR [or ‘organization and leadership review’] as the meeting where careers and livelihoods can be won and lost in an instant,” writes Stone in Bloomberg Businessweek. The OLRs are held twice a year.
Say you’ve worked tirelessly at Amazon for several years. You approach your boss, asking for a promotion and a raise, and he agrees. Good news, right? Not so fast. The boss, perhaps a vice president, attends an OLR that begins as most Amazon meetings do: With everyone reading printouts of a six-page “narrative” detailing the meeting’s agenda.
After your boss’s fellow VPs quietly sit and read the pros and cons of your promotion, a debate follows, with various execs weighing in with their own experiences working with you.
According to Stone, the discussions can become heated, as only a limited number of promotions are handed out. Every promotion given means someone else missed out, leading managers to promote their own picks and work against other managers’ choices.
“So if you get bumped up, someone else’s favorite subordinate might have to stand still. Anyone in the room can sink a promotion,” Stone concludes.
Thus, a system intended to stop political promotions and apply Bezos’ values evenly across the corporation can have quite the opposite effect. Writes Stone: “Ambitious employees tend to spend months having lunch and coffee with their boss’s peers to ensure a positive outcome once the topic of their proposed promotion is raised in an OLR.”
Working for the proper manager is also important, as newly promoted managers are sometimes unable to get any subordinates bumped up for years.