Growing Job Descriptions and What to Do about Them

For candidates, wading through ever-more-complex job descriptions can be an exercise in code-breaking.

By Sonia Lelii
Dice News Staff | May 2008

In this age of consolidation, companies are merging IT job roles
with the speed it takes to collapse ten servers into a single virtual
machine. The trend is becoming increasingly apparent to tech job
seekers trying to match their skill set to available positions.

seeing companies that want a database administrator and also want you
to do coding," observes Brian Guild, a security specialist. "They want
somebody with an IT background that has selling skills. Someone
responsible for security strategy/policy who can also do programming.
There are people out there, but finding a match for these jobs is going
to be difficult. A lot of job requisitions are going unfulfilled."

IT job descriptions were written by people working within the IT
department. However, as technology has matured and become more
integrated into the rest of a company, the task of finding candidates
has shifted to human resources staffers – many of whom lack an
understanding of the tech organization’s nuances.

"I think
a lot of people that write the job requisitions are not the direct
hiring managers," says Chad Broadus, a product manager. "It seems that
someone is using a template. You really have to be careful in what you
put in the requirements, or it could make it difficult to hire someone.
You scare away a lot of people who can do the job."

What to Do

For job seekers, reading through these difficult job descriptions can be an exercise in code-breaking. Broadus, who has worked as a hiring manager,
advises candidates to apply for positions when they can show they
qualify for about 80 percent of its listed requirements. "I personally
look at the job description, realize it borders on pie-in-the-sky, and
then craft my cover letter and resume so it’s close," he says. "I then
hope that the hiring manager can read between the lines on my resume to
see the range of possibilities for which my work and life experiences
have prepared me."

Justin Stanley, a database
administrator, takes much the same approach. The only exception is when
a major requirement falls within the 20 percent of experience he
doesn’t have. "Essentially, requirements that are key to the position –
such as if they are looking for a Java developer and I have no Java
experience," he says. In those cases, he doesn’t apply for the job.

Going Mainstream

no question technology is the business these days. As a result,
companies are demanding IT workers who have more business acumen, so
that their IT strategies can be more closely aligned with business
goals. However, IT workers and recruiters say many job requisitions
look more like a committee’s wish list than an actionable job

"I’ve seen some crazy ones lately. It’s a
huge problem," says Christa Baker, an area manager for Manpower
Professional, in Southborough, Mass. "A lot of these companies’ wish
lists are completely unrealistic."

Baker recalls one
request for a database administrator who could also handle switches and
routers. However, she notes, professionals with knowledge-based skills
aren’t necessarily interchangeable: Database administrators are
primarily software-focused, while switch and routing issues are handled
by people with more abilities in infrastructure and networking.

HR staffers and recruiters take pains to shape a job requisition that
is logical and helps pinpoint the IT role a company is trying to fill.
However, the process can be hampered when recruiters don’t have access
to the IT hiring manager, which is the case in many instances,
according to Baker.

"It depends on the organization, but
sometimes they want a person to perform a variety of duties. Sometimes
these roles overlap and sometimes they don’t," she notes. "For
instance, they may want a software developer who also is a GUI
developer. That’s when you have to say, ‘No, stop. Those are two
different guys.’ If you ask hard-core software developers to do GUI
work, they are going to laugh at you."

Some tech workers
contend companies want people to do more multi-tasking, though not
always in ways that make sense. Justin Stanley recalls one opening
where a company was looking for a system administrator, a
hardware-focused job. "Then you read through the description and they
wanted someone with three years Java experience," he recalls. "I
normally wouldn’t associate a system administrator with that role.
People who become system administrators go into it because they don’t
like to code."

E-mail Sonia Lelii at sonia.lelii at